Thus, the causative agent of the inflammatory process easily penetrates the organ through the urethra, rectum, lymphatic or circulatory system of the small pelvis. Prostatitis is an unpleasant ailment, the symptoms and treatment of which do not need to be put on the back burner. In modern medicine, it is customary to distinguish four main categories of prostatitis in men: acute; chronic bacterial; chronic prostatitis; symptomatic chronic Acute prostatitis is not common. It occurs as a result of infection with a bacterial infection and is quite difficult. Patients complain of acute pain, fever, and severe weakness. On examination, the prostate gland is very painful and enlarged. The acute phase is fraught with serious complications, so the patient needs quick and qualified medical care.
Chronic accutane prostatitis is most commonly caused by E. coli. Among its reasons are decreased immunity, the presence in the body of a source of infection, undergone surgery in the pelvic area. It is more sluggish than acute prostatitis, although the symptoms are similar.
The asymptomatic type of the disease proceeds practically without any symptoms and signs. Usually, a person discovers a pathology during a regular examination by a doctor, or when a sample of prostate tissue is taken for histological examination. Timely diagnosis allows you to detect the first symptoms of prostatitis, and also significantly speeds up the treatment process and helps you quickly return to a healthy and fulfilling life.
That is why it is necessary to listen to your own body and respond to the slightest pain and discomfort. As a rule, the first alarm bell for prostatitis is urination problems. This is due to the fact that the inflamed organ increases in size and begins to press on the urinary canal.
In addition to urinary problems, prostatitis is characterized by sexual dysfunction, which manifests itself through various symptoms. A man may be bothered by erectile dysfunction during intercourse, but a prolonged nocturnal erection is often observed. In addition, in such patients, as a rule, premature ejaculation, and pleasure during orgasm is significantly reduced.
Pain is another common symptom of prostatitis, but it is absent in half of patients. Aching pain sensations can be constant, usually this type of pain is localized in the pelvic area. Also, a feeling of pain sometimes occurs when urinating, ejaculation, during an erection. Any painful sensations of this kind are a sign that you need to immediately see a specialist.
Diagnosis of prostatitis includes a number of activities that help to 100% confirm or deny such a diagnosis, which in turn will allow you to cure prostatitis quickly. To begin with, an examination is carried out by a specialist. As a rule, this is a urologist. After collecting data about the patient and carefully listening to all his complaints, the doctor gives a referral for further examinations. First, an ultrasound examination of the prostate is performed.
Usually, an isotretinoin ultrasound scan is done traditionally, but in some cases, transrectal or transu- teral examination is possible, when a special probe is inserted into the rectum or urethra.
If you suspect inflammation of the prostate gland, a number of laboratory tests are required. This list includes a general and biochemical blood test, a general urine test, and a urine test in three portions. Also, the secret of the prostate is taken to detect bacteria and high white blood cells in it, the quality of the sperm is checked. If necessary, the doctor may also prescribe other additional tests and studies.
If you have been diagnosed with prostatitis, treatment is likeas a rule, a rather long-term event that requires the use of not only drug therapy, but also other methods. The choice of one or another drug for the treatment of prostatitis largely depends on what type of disease is diagnosed in a person.
So, with acute prostatitis, antibiotics of a wide spectrum of action are prescribed without fail. Similar appointments will be made for those whose prostatitis is caused by various kinds of bacteria. The duration of antibiotic therapy will be different in each individual case, but it is always carried out under the strict supervision of the attending physician.
For the treatment of non-bacterial forms, so-called alpha-blocker drugs have recently been often used. They promote a better outflow of urine, relax the muscles of the pelvic organs, and improve their blood supply.
In the case of prostatitis, prostate massage is considered another effective treatment. Some doctors advise using this method exclusively for chronic non-bacterial prostatitis, believing that otherwise it may contribute to the spread of infection throughout the human body.
Others are sure that massage, on the contrary, helps better absorption of antibacterial drugs into the blood. An absolute contraindication for this method is acute prostatitis. Prostate massage is performed transrectally in a hospital setting. It improves the outflow of prostate secretions, has a beneficial effect on the blood supply to the organ, its muscle tone.